Nigeria Civil Service Rules and Regulations (Public)
The Nigerian public service is a relatively large system, made up officials, rules, regulations, policies, etc. When employed as a civil servant, one of the documents given to the person is a document on the rules and regulations of the Nigerian public service. However, we have come to realize that the public hardly knows these rules and regulations of the Nigerian Public Service, whereas it isn’t supposed to be. As a result, our team took time to piece up this article, ‘ Nigeria Civil Service Rules and Regulations ‘.
The article will inform the public of some rules and regulations of the public service. We are unable to provide info on all the rules and regulations because they are so much. However, we discussed those we considered important to discuss.
First and foremost, we have to state that the Nigerian public service rules and regulations cover a wide range of issues. These issues include:
- 1.) appointment and leaving the service;
- 2.) rules for appointment on probation;
- 3.) rules for appointment on contract;
- 4.) transfer and secondments;
- 5.) acting appointment;
- 6.) leaving the service;
- 7.) allowances;
- 8.) annual performance evaluation report and certificates of service;
- 9.) compensation for injuries;
- 10.) compensation and insurance;
- 11.) courses of instructions within and outside Nigeria;
- 12.) discipline;
- 13.) emoluments and increment;
- 14.) examination in law and official publications;
- 15.) inventions and award committee;
- 16.) leave;
- 17.) petitions and appeals;
- 18.) promotions;
- 19.) reward for outstanding works.
Of all the issues the rules and regulations covers, we are only concerned with issues related to discipline and leave.
What is discipline?
Discipline simply refers to good conduct and behaviour. However, anything contrary to that is considered indiscipline.
In the Nigerian public service, acts of indiscipline are categorized into two:
- Ordinary misconduct and
- Serious misconduct
Examples of ordinary misconduct include:
- 1.) scandalous conduct;
- 2.) refusal to proceed with transfer or to accept posting;
- 3.) habitual lateness to work;
- 4.) deliberate delay in treating official document;
- 5.) failure to keep records;
- 6.) unauthorized removal of public records;
- 7.) refusal to take/carry out lawful instructions from superior officers;
- 8.) malingering (pretending to be sick, injured or incapacitated);
- 9.) dishonesty;
- 10.) negligence;
- 11.) membership of cults;
- 12.) sleeping on duty;
- 13.) improper dressing while on duty;
- 14.) hawking merchandise within office premises;
- 15.) insubordination in order to avoid work;
- 16.) discourteous behaviour to the public.
- Giving further details on scandalous conduct, some scandalous conducts include immoral behaviour,
- unruly behaviour, drunkenness,
- foul language,
- assault and battery.
Enough has been said about ordinary misconduct, now let us talk about serious misconduct.
Serious misconduct, as stated in the rules and regulations, are capable of causing the dismissal of a public servant. Examples of serious misconduct include:
1.) falsification of records;
2.) suppression of records;
3.) withholding of files;
4.) conviction on a criminal charge (other than a minor traffic or sanitary offence or the like);
5.) absence from duty without leave;
6.) false claims against Government officials;
7.) engaging in partisan political activities;
8.) bankruptcy/serious financial embarrassment;
9.) unauthorized disclosure of official information;
14.) violation of oath of secrecy;
15.) action prejudicial to the security of the state;
16.) advance fee fraud (criminal code 419);
17.) holding more than one full time paid job;
18.) nepotism or any other form of preferential treatment;
19.) divided loyalty;
21.) wilful damage to public property;
22.) sexual harassment;
22.) any other act unbecoming of a public officer.
Still On Nigeria Civil Service Rules and Regulations (Public)
The rule on leave states that any public servant who is absent from work without being on leave, will forfeit part or all their salary of the month. However, if the absence spans across more than one month, the forfeiture will affect the public servant, relative to the amount of time being absent from work. The following are some of the types of leave recognised in the Nigerian public service:
1.) annual leave: Annual leave is the most common type of leave. It is taken by public servants at all levels. Public servants at Grade Level 1 and 2 take annual leave of 14 days. Junior officers take annual leave of 21 days. Senior officers take annual leave of 30 days.
2.) proportional leave or pro-rata leave: This leave is granted to new or retiring officers. The duration of the leave is proportional to the time they have spent in the public service.
3.) deferred leave: This leave is granted in exceptional situations. Just like ‘proportional leave or pro-rata leave’, the leave is not fixed.
4.) casual leave: This is a leave taken casually by a public officer. However, the maximum duration of this leave is 5 working days. Anything beyond 5 working days is unacceptable.
5.) sick leave: This type of leave is also common. The leave can be taken when a public servant is ill. Its duration is not fixed, it is rather variable.
6.) maternity leave: This leave can be taken only by pregnant female public servants. The maximum duration of this leave is 12 weeks, and it must not be less than 4 weeks from the expected delivery date. During this leave period, the public officer is entitled to full salary. The 12 weeks covers the pre-natal and post-natal periods. After the public servant has delivered their baby, they are allowed to take 2 hours off duty, every day, for 6 months.
7.) examination leave: Public servants are allowed to take leave when they have a public service examination. This leave does not have a fixed duration.
8.) sabbatical leave: This leave is taken by Grade Level 15, 16 and 17 public officers. The leave is taken on the account of research, and it has a maximum duration of 12 months. Furthermore, the leave can only be taken once in 5 years.
9.) study leave: This leave can be taken by any public officer and it has no fixed duration. However, for this leave to be valid the course the public servant wants to take must be a public service approved-course.
10.) leave on compassionate ground: This leave can be taken by any public servant who loses their spouse/child/parents of the spouse.
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